Septic Tank Installation Contractors Near Me: Types of Septic Tanks and Systems
Septic tanks are one of the most important parts of a property. Whether it is a residential or a commercial structure, septic systems are significant since they ensure that a structure is sanitary and human waste is properly contained to not cause contamination. Because of this, it is crucial to learn more about septic tanks and septic systems so that you will be able to select the best one for your needs.
Types of Septic Systems
Listed below are the types of septic systems. It would help to know more about them so that you can choose the right one for your project.
- Gravity drainfields
Gravity drainfields are as the name implies. This type of septic system uses gravity. The effluent goes to a series of trenches without the help of a pump.
If the effluent needs to be pumped into the trenches, the septic system is called pump to gravity system.
- Pressure distribution drainfields
Pressure distribution drainfields use a pump to deliver effluent to the trenches. This is often used when there is no enough soil depth that will allow the effluent to freely flow into the tranches with the help of gravity.
- Mound systems
The mound system is a type of septic system that is placed on areas with not enough soil depth. The tank is placed above the ground surface and pressurized pipes deliver the effluent to the trenches.
The surface of the tank is filled with specific sand material and the distribution of sewage is uniform to ensure that the treatment of the latter is efficient.
- Sand filter systems
Sand filter systems are used when there is not enough soil for filter treatment. Sand material is used as substitute for the soil, which will allow the waste to be effectively processed and treated before it goes into natural soil.
The sand is contained in a PVC box to ensure that it will stay in place. This will also ensure that the sand material maintains the ideal depth, which helps with the filtering of effluent.
Knowing the condition of the soil and ground level will definitely help you select the right type of septic system for your property. Make it a point to have professional septic tank installation contractors near me check the area before deciding which system you want so that you can discuss it with your chosen installers. This will allow them to give their input and help you make the best decision.
Types of Septic Tanks
Listed below are the most common septic tank types. Aside from different septic systems, you also need to choose what type of septic tank you need. Hence, it would be best to know more about them before hiring professional septic tank installers.
- Concrete tank
Concrete tanks are considered to be one of the toughest, especially when made from a good concrete mixture. Make sure that your septic tank installer uses the best kind of concrete mixture for this project to ensure that the tank won’t have cracks prematurely.
This type of tank lasts for decades but proper care should be practiced to ensure that it won’t have cracks that will allow the effluent to seep out of the tank or let groundwater to seep into the tank.
- Steel tank
Steel tanks last only around 20-25 years, which is a short span. Considering that ideal septic tanks need to last as long as the lifespan of the house, a steel septic tank isn’t a popular option for this matter.
It is not as durable as concrete tanks and the cover can be replaced without replacing the entire tank. This means that upon inspection, the tank might look new due to the cover but the actual condition of the tank itself is questionable and unknown. This is a problem for home buyers who want to make sure that they are buying property with working septic tanks.
- Plastic tank
Plastic tanks are not prone to cracking and rusting but it is lightweight. This means that the tank itself can rise above ground or shift when the soil is wet. Because of this, careful consideration should be taken when choosing this type of tank.
Ensure that the tank is not damaged upon installation to avoid the plug from getting dislodged. Also, make sure that you do not drive or park a vehicle over the tank to avoid damaging it.
- Aerobic tank
The most expensive septic tank option is the aerobic tank. This uses electricity to let oxygen flow into the tank, hastening the decomposition of waste. But since this minimizes the need for septic filtering, it is often used to replace failed septic systems. This is one of the reasons why this type of septic tank is expensive.
It is also often used in commercial establishments to make the processing of waste faster. Since the substance is decomposed rapidly, it will not easily fill up. This will make septic tank pumping frequency to be lower compared to other tanks.
When choosing the right septic tank and septic system for your property, make sure that you are not only thinking about the initial installation cost. It is ideal to think about the long-term maintenance and operation of the tank and system to help you save money in the long run.
Choosing an easy-to-maintain tank and system will allow you to save money for future repairs. This will enable you to have your tank and system inspected regularly without fail. It will also enable you to have your septic tank and septic system repaired immediately without waiting for the issue to get worse.
Hence, before you choose what you think is the best option for you, it would be better to discuss the project with your chosen installer first. This will allow them to give you important information about certain types of tanks and systems that will help you choose the one that is easy to operate and maintain.