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Drainage systems may not seem important at a glance. Whether you are buying a house or constructing one, you might not take drainage systems into consideration that much. This is particularly true if you are not certified in the field of construction and you have no prior experience in dealing with drainage construction and drainage failure.
But, it is important to note that drainage systems are a big part of the house’s structure. This system ensures that the structure will not suffer from water damage. This will also guarantee that rainwater will not stagnate in areas that should be dry.
Hence, it is important to pay attention to drainage systems. Hiring the best local drainage companies near you so that you can be sure that your drainage is properly installed and it is not hard to maintain.
Types of Drainage Systems for Residential Houses
To be able to make better decisions when hiring drainage system installers, learn more about the different types of drainage systems. Knowing more about them will allow you to determine the type that best fits your needs as well as your budget. Hence, make it a point to read the list below before looking for professional drainage companies to hire.
- Surface drainage system
Surface draianage systems are as the name implies. The drainage system is shallow and ditches are dug onto the soil to let water pass onto a drain. This is essential if the surface is flat and water is prone to pooling and flooding in a certain area.
This is an ideal option when you don’t want water from pooling and damaging your house. Structures that need to be protected from water damage are often surrounded with surface drainage systems to ensure that water is kept off the structures’ foundation.
Walkways and driveways are ideal places to install a surface drainage system since they can have depression in the surface where water can accumulate. This type of drainage system also ensures that water is not pooling on footpaths where slipping can occur. Hence, aside from aesthetics, this type of drainage system is also used for safety.
- Sub-surface drainage system
Areas where water needs to be removed from the soil, on root level, are installed with sub-surface drainage systems. Because the drain pipes are installed beneath the top soil, the water will be drained away from the root level. This will help plants grow healthier since excess water is removed.
This type of drainage system also helps preserve the condition of the soil. Since excess water is removed by the drainage system, the soil will not suffer from sogginess and erosion. Plants and grass will benefit from this type of drainage since their roots will not suffer from deterioration due to too much water for extended periods of time.
- Slope drainage system
Slope drainage systems use pipes and gravity to keep water from penetrating the soil and causing damage to structures. Pipes are installed on the ground to help water take its natural course away from the structure.
Of course, the surface of the soil needs to be a sloping one so that gravity will pull the water away from the house or building. The pipe should be covered with metal grates to prevent people and animals from falling into it.
Depending on your needs, you can order bigger pipes. Smaller ones are often used in residential areas since the surface area where water should be guided away from the structure is relatively small. This means that the amount of water running through the pipes is small. Of course, commercial buildings will require larger pipes and possible steeper slopes to allow more water to flow away from the building and areas where you don’t want water to stagnate.
- Down and spout drainage system
A down and spout drainage system is often seen in houses. This is a system where a gutter system is used to ensure that rainwater from the roof goes down to the drain. This will ensure that the surroundings of the house will not get excessively wet due to the rainwater. It is one of the most used drainage systems in residential areas because of its purpose.
The water from the pipe and downspout will run to the drainage to ensure that there is no pooling of water in the pipes. This will prevent leaks, which will keep the area relatively dry. This will also ensure that the gutter system as well as the drainage system will last longer and will not suffer from corrosion and rusting.
Gutter guards are often installed when this type of drainage system is put up to avoid blockages on the gutter and the pipes. This allows rainwater to flow through the pipes smoothly and avoid leaking caused by water pooling on the gutter and pipes. Since the pipes running along the height of the house will not be easy to clean, it is recommended that gutter guards are included upon the installation of this type of drainage system.
Drainage systems are important since they will ensure that your property will be safe from water damage. Drainage systems also ensure that it will be convenient for you to walk or drive around your property. Since these ensure that walkways, driveways and landscapes are free from stagnant water, the quality and density of the soil and flooring is maintained. This will prevent problems caused by erosion.
Hence, before you decide to hire drainage companies, make it a point to learn more about drainage systems first. This will help you decide which options are best for you. It will also help you determine the best contractor for the job. Since you are already familiar with drainage systems, you can hire the professionals who are most compatible for the job. Because some installers specialize in certain types of drainage systems, it would be ideal to hire one that is more knowledgeable to your preferred system than those who are not really familiar with your chosen drainage type.
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