Concrete has been around for thousands of years already. The earliest records of humans using it dates back to around thousands of years ago; meaning it is not a recent discovery or invention. It has only been widely used since the 1800s, though. But still, no one can argue against how long it has been in use. It’s still widely used, meaning that it has to be a good material. This is why it’s a popular option.
Portland manufacturing was patented in 1824 while the invention of reinforced concrete was done in 1849. It has been used in constructing a bridge in 1889 and in 1936 the Hoover Dam has been constructed using reinforced concrete as well.
What is it?
Concrete is a mixture of aggregate bonded with liquid cement. Portland cement is the most popular type of cement, which is lime-based. There are also other types of cement such as calcium aluminate cement or calcium silicate cement.
There are basically two kind of cement – hydraulic and non-hydraulic. The hydraulic cement type sets even with presence of water.
There are various types of concrete. The type used in construction will depend on its purpose. Thus, each type has specific functions and characteristics that make them perfect for certain uses.
The regular type is as the name implies. It is the most common type, which is produced when mixing cement, aggregate and water. This type of mixture is often found on concrete mix bags. Instructions on how to mix cement, aggregate and water are also included on the packaging, which makes it a common choice for do-it-yourself projects.
Sand is the most common aggregate used for this type. Dry stone can also be used to make the mixture stronger, which can withstand more pressure. It can withstand 1,450 psi to 5,800 psi. That is equivalent to 10 MPa and 40 MPa respectively.
High-strength concrete is a type made with reduced water to cement ratio. The water content of the mixture is decreased to make the mixture thicker, which makes the hardened concrete stronger. This creates a stronger mixture, which has a compressive strength of more than 40 MPa.
Since the water content is reduced, superplasticizers are used to make the mixture more workable. This enables local concrete companies near you to use use this in structures where dense rebar cages are used.
It is often seen in residential driveways. It is a type that had been molded onto the surface to replicate certain finishes such as bricks or stone. It is often used due to its aesthetics since it can easily replace pricier genuine flooring options.
Pigments are also used to make it more appealing. The color is mixed with the mixture, preventing the hardened mixture to lose color over time.
High-performance concrete is another type that is above the regular one. Regular is easier to install than high-strength concrete but it is not always as strong.
All high-strength concrete is high-performance concrete but it is not the same for high-performance concrete. Not all high-performance concrete falls into the high-strength category since they are not all strong. The ease of installation, lifespan, density and permeability make it high-performance, though it does not always have the same strength.
- Ultra-high performance
Ultra-high performance concrete is as the name implies. It is super strong and has a compressive strength of 150 MPa. It can even exceed 250 MPa.
Its main use is for infrastructure protection and it is still being researched as of now. The strength and characteristics of this type is still being proven and improved by several universities and companies around the globe.
- Micro-reinforced ultra-high performance
Micro-reinforced ultra-high performance concrete is another form of the ultra-high performance type. It is more resistant to chemicals and can absorb energy better than its predecessor. It is also more ductile, making it a better choice for structures that undergo tensile stress.
One of the most prominent structures that use this is the new World Trade Center due to its resistance to earthquake and blast.
Self-consolidating concrete, originally called self-compacting in Japan, is a high-strength version used in delicate formworks that require workability and strength. Since strong types of concrete have lower amounts of water, they are less workable. This makes it hard for construction companies to use stronger concrete mixtures for frames that are too intricate in design. And since thinner concrete mixtures would not be able to hold pressure, self-consolidating concrete was introduced.
This type does not require compacting tools to gain more compressive strength. With the help of plasticizers, the workability is improved while its strength is maintained.
Vacuum concrete uses steam to vacuum out the air in the mixer. Condensed steam will turn into water, which will put pressure onto the mix, which will help release the air from the mixture.
This makes the mixture stronger since there is lesser amount of air in the mixture. Its strength is increased by 25%, which makes it a better choice for structures. It also hardens faster, making it possible for factories to use lesser number of frames for the same amount of output.
Airtight containers, however, should always be used in mixing this type. This requires companies to use special mixers or containers to ensure that it will not absorb air after it has been vacuumed.
Shotcrete uses air to shoot the mixture into frames. It is often used in vertical structures and in ceilings due to its method of application. Since formwork is not needed, application and structure becomes easier.
Dams, bridges and pools are often constructed using shotcrete since these structures often require formworks. Dry shotcrete mix uses dry mixture of cement and aggregate and water is added as the mixture is being compressed outside through a nozzle. Wet shotcrete mixture is pre-mixed with water and is shot using compressed air.
Lime is used instead of cement in limecrete. Since lime is burnt in lower temperatures, making it an eco-friendly option, interest in using it again increased. It is also more health-friendly compared to standard cement used in modern concrete, making it an ideal choice for a lot of structures.
Limecrete is easier to clean than regular. This makes it possible for other construction materials to be recycled for other purposes when the latter has been reclaimed from limecrete structures. This saves a lot of funds as well as natural resources, making it an economical choice for modern structures.
Pervious concrete is as the name implies. It allows water to pass through to allow water to get back to the ground. It is often used in floors where water need to pass.
Large aggregate is used and a small amount of cement mixture is added to allow the slab to allow water to pass through. Pervious needs to be covered with poly plastic to allow it to cure and dry properly.
Cellular concrete is a type produced by mixing cement mixture with cork or clay aggregate. This makes the structure be more workable and softer to the touch.
Nailing on cellular concrete is possible, making it an ideal choice for structures where additional work or features are needed such as wall panels, roof insulation and floors.
Cork-cement concrete uses cork waste as aggregate. It is lighter and has lesser density, making it ideal for specific uses.
It is better at absorbing energy compare to standard concrete but does not conduct heat really well, making it a good option for insulation.
Roller-compacted concrete is most commonly used in paving roads. Since it is compacted using rollers, it is quite dense. It can withstand great pressure, making it a common choice for roads, dams and other structures that require a dense mixture.
The curing time for rollcrete is gradual. Due to its dense nature, the fluid in the mixture will not easily dry out. This is not an issue, though, since its advantages outweigh the length of drying time.
Glass concrete is made with glass aggregates. Aside from its aesthetic appeal, it is used due to its insulation properties. It also shows better strength in long-term use, which makes it an ideal option for structures built for longer lifespan.
It is becoming a popular option due to its abilities, which have been established in recent studies.
Asphalt is often used in infrastructure. Bitumen has replaced cement, making the mixture more adhesive.
Asphalt cement is also used in flat roofs due to its adhesive properties. It can be heated to make it mixable. Solvents and water can also be used to make asphalt cement workable.
- Rapid strength
Rapid strength concrete is often used in road repairs since it can harden in just a few hours. It is strong and can withstand a lot of pressure even if it hardens in just a short while, making it an ideal option for infrastructures.
Structures that also need to be fully operational in just a short while also use this type to allow the structure to be used immediately.
Rubberized concrete is as the name implies. It is made from rubberized asphalt cement and recycled tires and is often used in roads. Since the crumb rubber used is made from waste, it is a good option for a more environmental friendly type.
Rubberized concrete made from Portland cement is still not in production as it is still being researched. The research started in 2009 until now.
Polymer concrete is a more expensive type. Cement is replaced with polymer as the main binder of aggregate, which makes the mixture more expensive.
This type can achieve compressive strength of 5,000 psi when dried in less than 4 hours. This makes it a very good option for structures that require a very strong type in just a matter of hours.
Geopolymer concrete is a great alternative for regular cement. It uses recycled materials, which makes it a more environmental-friendly option. It is also more resistant to chemicals as well as heat.
Manufacturing of this type produces lesser carbon dioxide of up to 80%, making it a good choice when it comes to environment conservation.
- Refractory cement
Refractory cement is made from materials that can withstand heat better than ordinary Portland cement. Made from calcium aluminate, fire clay, ganister and aluminum, this type is used in building brick ovens.
Whether fueled with wood, natural gas or electricity, this type of cement can withstand extreme heat. This makes it a primary option for masonry ovens that manufacture or cook bricks and even food nowadays.
Gypsum concrete is a mixture of Portland cement, gypsum and sand. It is often used in residential house construction due to its fire resistance capabilities.
Gypsum is also lightweight, making it an ideal type for flooring underlayment. Its strength is comparable to regular concrete, making it a good option for various applications.
Knowing different types allow property owners to determine which will best suit their needs. Since some types of concrete can be used interchangeably, learning more about these will allow for more options to be available to property owners and contractors.
The varying prices of different options will also play a big part in choosing the most ideal option for certain projects. Hence, determining which types will go best for different purposes is advantageous.
Services Offered by Concrete Installation and Repair Companies
Companies offer various services to provide assistance to clients with various needs.
- Pouring and laying.
Concrete pouring and laying is one of the most common services offered by concrete pouring companies. The purpose of the structure will determine the method of pouring; hence, planning is needed prior to execution.Professional companies determine the type of structure to be built as well as its main purpose. Types of material and application methods are considered and suggested to the client. After discussion, the plan is created and finalized to allow workers to prep the area for pouring and laying. Safety measures are followed to ensure that all workers are protected and the structure is being built without hassle. Pouring and laying costs will depend on various factors. The size and type of structure are two of the main factors experts consider. The types of concrete to be used as well as the equipment needed for the pouring and laying are also determined. The number of workers should also be noted to enable companies to determine how much the project would cost. Commercial and residential projects are priced differently due to the differences in building codes and various pouring and laying requirements.
Concrete texturing is another service offered by concrete companies that both residential and commercial clients find useful. Texturing is not only for aesthetics but is also used in other applications such as tile installation.The concrete base needs to be textured in order for the tiles to adhere to the surface. If the frame is already built, a new layer of concrete should be applied and textured to allow the tiles or stone to stick properly. For newly built walls, floors and overhead structures, the outermost layer is textured by professionals for easy tile application.
Concrete staining is the process of adding color. The process of staining is done while the concrete dries. Wet concrete can also be stained but it is usually done to incorporate the color to the mixture.Professional contractors prep the area by cleaning the area and sprinkling it with wet acid solution. This will prepare itand make it clean enough for staining. The staining process will take a couple of days since the drying time between coats lasts for about 24 hours. This requires for the furniture and appliances on the area to be placed somewhere else until the floor is ready for use. Moving stuff to other rooms can also be done by professional workers, making the work more convenient for clients.
Sealing protects the structures from water and other fluids that can seep into the foundation and cause deterioration and staining. Different types of sealants are used for specific purposes.Penetrating sealers, as the name implies, penetrates on the material to protect it from moisture. This type of sealant is often used outside with matte finishes. Acrylic sealants, on the other hand, add protection by adding a film on the surface of the concrete.It is applicable to both interior and exterior applications. Polyurethane sealant is almost the same as acrylic but the former is more durable and is applicable to areas with high traffic. Epoxies are used on concrete floors that are subject to high traffic. It is applicable to exterior structures as it can also provide protection against UV rays.
Stamping is the process of using molds to create a visual effect. This process is often offered by companies as it is often used in driveways. Staining is almost always included in this type of service to add beauty and effect to the structure. The stains imitate the color of bricks or genuine rocks to make a driveway look more appealing without spending money on genuine brick or stone, which will be quite expensive.
- Concrete painting
Painting is another service offered by pros. Paint can be applied to smooth and even on rough surfaces. The texture and the color of the paint to be applied on the surface will depend on the goal of the property owner and the contractor.Professional painters make sure to fix holes and imperfections on the surface if the surface needs to be smooth. Primer is applied to ensure that the paint will adhere properly to the surface until proper type of paint is applied. High quality latex acrylic paint can be used. Epoxy paint can also be used but is often chosen for exterior surfaces as this is more durable and can withstand abuse more.
- Basement installation
A basement installation is not an easy task. Hence, only professionals should be hired to do this kind of work. This will prevent cracks and other problems, especially ones that are often subject to excess water and moisture.From the floor to the walls, everything should be planned properly to ensure that the concrete is poured properly and will not have unnecessary break points. It should be poured continuously to guarantee that the strength of the structure is solid. Concrete experts will plan the installation of the basement to ensure that it will not be prone to cracks, holes and other problems that basements often encounter.
- Road paving
Concrete road paving can be done using various types of moaterials and through multiple ways. One of the most common types of material used in road paving is asphalt. Bitumen replaces regular cement, making the installation cheaper and easier.Rapid-strength concrete is also used in road paving as this type can be used within just a short period of time. It is a durable and strong type of cement that contractors use for road projects that need to be used after just a short while.Polymer can also be used but it is more expensive. Since this type can be used after just 4 hours, it is a viable option for quick projects. But, since it is more expensive than other options, it is not often used in a lot of road paving projects.
- Swimming pool installation
Swimming pool installation is meticulously planned by concrete experts. The right type should be used to ensure that the pool will not leak. Proper application should also be considered to ensure that the pool will be built using minimal effort, expenses and workforce. Shotcrete is often used in swimming pools because this type can be applied using pressure. The concrete can be installed onto the formwork without much trouble, allowing companies to use minimal effort, equipment and workforce on the project.The concrete applied onto the formwork is also compacted through the pressure on the nozzle of the applicator. This allows it to keep the water from seeping through the swimming pool walls.
- Furniture making
Concrete furniture making involves various types of material. Concrete mixes that are easy to handle are often the choice of experts as these are more workable. A type that is mixed with very little amount of water is not workable since it is too thick. Experts either put additional water on the mixture or use plasticizers to make the mix more workable.Various methods are also used by companies to make it adhere to the formwork. Stains, sealants and paints are also applied to make the furniture pieces look more appealing. These coats also add protection to the finished furniture, making the latter last longer.
- Laying pavers
Laying concrete pavers is another service that companies often offer. Aside from planning the application process and doing a sketch on how the driveway will look like, prepping of the area is also done by companies.Patios and decks can also be covered with pavers. Landscapes are also parts that can be installed with pavers in residential homes. Commercial establishments are also covered with pavers for appealing and durable yet inexpensive flooring option.
- Wall installation or repair
Concrete wall installation is no easy task. It takes a lot of planning to be able to ensure that the wall is level and does not have imperfections that will affect its appearance and function. The integrity of a wall lies in its installation and repair. Hence, it is only reasonable that property owners hire only professionals to ensure that the walls are installed properly.Proper types of material are used for different purposes to ensure that these walls will last long. Appropriate types are also used by experts to guarantee that the wall will retain its integrity and will last for a very long time.
Concrete polishing is often done on floors that have been sealed or stained. This type of service should be done regularly, especially on floors that are being used on a regular basis. It does not only make floors look new and shiny again but also makes the floors look cleaner.Polishing floors will require tools used only by professionals; hence, this service is not done through DIY projects. Since the polishing machine will cost a lot, it is better to hire a professional polisher than to spend money on purchasing equipment that is not used on a regular basis.
- Stamped patio installation
Stamped concrete patio installation takes a few days to do. Even if the stamping will not take a very long time, the curing and drying time for the material will take some time. Due to this, property owners should plan this type of project in advance.Professional companies will need to have the patio area closed while the concrete is being poured, stamped, stained, sealed and dried. This means that other access to the house should be opened while the entry is inaccessible, especially if the patio is one of the areas where one of the exterior doors is located.
- Floor installation or repair
Concrete floor installation involves prepping of the work area as well as cleaning of the project area after the mix has been installed or repaired by a contractor. Depending on the type of service companies are providing, the time of the project will vary. Installation will take at least a couple of hours to finish, which is for smaller areas. Larger areas might take a day or two for the mix to be poured.Curing time of the floor should also be considered. Experts will provide a definite time when the floor can be used. Unless rapid-strength concrete is used, the mixture will need at least 28 days to cure.Repairs on floors can often be done immediately and the floor can be used just a couple of hours after the concrete has dried. This is applicable, though, to smaller sections. Large repairs need proper time to cure to avoid making the repaired area crack again.
- Step installation and repair
Concrete step installation needs proper equipment to accomplish. Steps that are hanging and do not have a lot of support should be reinforced with more rebar mesh to ensure that it will not crack and get broken. This is especially true for steps that are used on public areas.The height of the steps as well as the length of the tread should be measured properly to ensure that it is comfortable to use. There are specific requirements for certain types of steps to ensure that the users will be safe. Concrete professionals make sure to follow these to guarantee the safety of their clients. This makes hiring only professionals a must when it comes to installing and repairing concrete steps.
Concrete sawing is not done on all types of concrete. Cork concrete is often used in this type of project since the aggregate used is soft enough. Using softer and lighter aggregate also prevents the blocks or slabs from cracking while being sawed. This requires a lot of skill, experience and knowledge to accomplish. Professionals inspect the piece first to ensure that it is appropriate for sawing. Proper tools are also used to ensure that the size and type of equipment used is appropriate for the type and size to be sawed. Safety measures are also followed to ensure that the workers as well as the other individuals on site will not be harmed during this process. Since it can snap and crack, it is important to ensure the safety of all parties involved prior to the start of the project.
- Cutting services
Concrete cutting is done only by professionals. This is especially true for commercial or industrial-grade concrete that is used on certain structures. A cutting saw that is made for cutting has diamond blades to ensure that it can cut through hard surfaces. Skilled workers should only handle this type of project since the saw used is quite sharp and can cause serious and even fatal injuries to its victim. Concrete blocks and paving slabs are often cut, which are quite thick. This makes it harder for unskilled workers to do this type of work, requiring only professionals to do it. This requires property owners and project managers to ensure that they are hiring highly skilled and experienced workers in handling this kind of work.
Concrete demolition is not as easy as it seems. This is particularly true if the structure if relatively big. Proper demolition of the structure should be planned and executed. Nearby structures should not be harmed, especially if the part that should be demolished is really close to the areas that should not be affected by the demolition.Proper disposal of the demolished structure should also be planned to ensure that it will not cause trouble to the community and environment. Demolishing structures on residential areas can be problematic, especially if the houses are close to one another. The dust should not reach the other properties, requiring additional safety measures to be followed to prevent contamination. Safety measures should also be monitored and followed to guarantee that accidents will not occur, especially on areas where residents and commercial establishment customers are nearby.
- Core drilling
Concrete core drilling is a delicate project as it requires professionals to drill a hole at the core of a structure without causing damage to the outer layers of the concrete block. Thicker blocks can be worked on pretty easily since chances of the block cracking or breaking will be relatively smaller compared to thinner structures.The material used in building the structure also affects the level of ease of the project. Softer types will be easier to drill since they won’t just snap or crack. More solid ones will either be too hard to drill or will have the possibility to crack since it cannot bend. Considering the types that were used in building the structures that need to be drilled is one of the things that professional concrete drillers are good at. This makes it better to hire the pros instead of property owners trying to accomplish the task through do-it-yourself.
- Driveway resurfacing
Concrete driveway resurfacing is cheaper than replacement. The surface of the driveway is the only layer that is removed to allow for a fresh layer to be installed. Since the fresh layer is thinner, it will cost less than having the entire driveway demolished and replaced with a new one.The driveway will also be sealed and re-stained. This is to ensure that the new driveway layer will be protected from stains, cracks and water penetration. Some driveway owners might decide to add design and style to the new surface of the driveway, which is an additional service offered by driveway resurfacing professionals.
Slab pouring does not only involve pouring on a certain spot. It involves excavating the area where the slab should be poured. The thickness of the slab should be established beforehand to determine the amount of supplies needed for the project. The type of equipment needed to prepare the area and pour the mix will also be decided when the size of the area and thickness of the slab are decided prior to starting the project.The type of concrete to be used will be decided by the company to ensure that it will be appropriate for its purpose. Slabs that are used in commercial establishments and infrastructures need to be thicker. Slabs on residential houses can be thinner but the purpose of the slab will still determine how thin the slab can be. If the slab will be subjected to use and abuse on a regular basis or if it will carry a lot of weight, it will be made thicker by the professional installers. Higher quality cement might also be used to ensure that the slab will not fail.
Concrete driveways often take 1 to 3 days for it to be installed on residential areas. But, the actual curing time of driveways take around at least 30 days to complete. The temperature should not drop below 35 degrees during this curing time to help keep the driveway last longer. Driveways should not be less than 4 inches thick. Thicker ones are installed on driveways that have a heavier load to bear. Professionals determine the thickness of the driveway based on the load weight as well as the location of the driveway. Driveways that are installed on softer types of soil need to be thicker. Rebar might also be needed to ensure that the driveway will not crack or get damaged in the long run.
Concrete driveway repair is done mostly on driveways that suffer from cracks and holes. This service is selected more often than driveway replacement as this is a cheaper option. Driveways that do not have a lot of damage are also often repaired instead of being replaced instantly. Professionals determine the type used in installation. Property owners are often asked about the type of material they have. This will make the work easier since the proper cement mixture can be used in repairing the driveway.
Concrete countertops can become one of the focal points of a kitchen or bathroom. Since they can be stained, painted and sealed, they become more appealing. This made it possible for concrete countertops to be used on almost all types of houses and buildings. Residential houses use these both to add a functional area in the house and add beauty to the area where it is installed. Commercial establishments also aim for the same purposes since they are not only durable but appealing as well.The thickness of the countertop will depend on how much it will be used on a daily basis. The types of objects that will be put on top of the counter will also determine its thickness and the type of material to be used in installing it by concrete countertop contractors.
- Acid staining
Acid staining is a process of applying acid on a clean floor and adding neutralizer to achieve the desired look. It is a good option not only for newly installed concrete but also on older ones that need touch-ups.Newly installed flooring might be too smooth for acid staining. This requires additional work for professionals to allow the acid to penetrate the surface. Due to this reason, it is best to have experts do the work to ensure that the process is done properly and the staining will be successful and not a waste of time, money and effort.
Concrete cleaning is not as simple as mopping the floor. Professional cleaning requires solutions and equipment that will remove stains that have been sitting on the surface for a very long time. These kinds of stains cannot be removed by simple means. Hence, cleaning experts should be called in. Determining the type of stain will help get rid of it in a faster manner. Determining the type of concrete that should be cleaned will also help make the work a lot easier since the right kind of cleaning solutions can be used. This will prevent harming the structure and will help get rid of the stain easily.
Sidewalk installation may take a lot of time to accomplish when done by inexperienced workers. Since most sidewalks are pretty long, it will take a while to finish pouring concrete on molds. Mixing the mixture and ensuring that the area is well prepared for the installation will also take a bit of time and effort.Because of this, professional sidewalk installers are hired. Professionals make sure that the area where the sidewalk will be installed is properly cleaned and prepped. The area where the sidewalk will be installed is also marked to guarantee that the shape and length of the sidewalk is established. Of course, the right type of concrete is also established to ensure that the sidewalk will function properly and will last for a long time.
- Crack repair
Concrete crack repair can either be a simple or a complicated job. The cause of the cracks will contribute to the factors affecting the type of repair needed. For superficial cracks, simple smoothening of the surface using concrete mix is needed. Cracks that are caused by earthquakes and other calamities will require more work since the integrity of the entire structure should be determined prior to repairs. Experts will need to do a thorough inspection of the crack, as well as the surrounding area, to ensure that the right repair steps are followed. For bigger problems where the structure’s integrity is at risk, additional repair methods, tools and supplies are used.
- Decorative concrete installation
Decorative concrete installation can be done on a new project or an existing slab. Stamping will create decorations that can be stained or painted. The same also goes for stamped overlays but the stamped layer is added to an existing slab.Stamped overlays are thinner since an existing layer of old concrete is already present. This is a more affordable approach since the old slab does not need to be removed to allow for decorative material to be installed on the same spot.
Concrete patching can be a tricky process if the hole or crack in the slab is caused by an earthquake or other disastrous causes. Since strength and integrity of the slab are affected, the patch should not only address the aesthetic issue but also the structural one. Steel bars inside the slab may also begin to rust, which can cause the concrete to have holes or cracks. Patching this up will take a lot of skill and knowledge about patching since it will require more delicate procedures. It is best to let professionals handle this type of task to ensure that the slab will be properly repaired and patched up.
- Concrete siding installation or repair
Siding installation takes a while to finish since the layers need to be cured before the additional layers are applied. This will ensure that the siding will adhere to the surface of the walls and that it will not crack or loosen as time goes by. Siding repair does not take a lot of time but it can be tricky as well. Proper application of the mixture should be followed to ensure that the cement will adhere to the existing siding. Inspection of the inner walls is also done by concrete siding companies to ensure that there are no hidden damages in the interior walls as well as insulation. Since cracks and holes on the siding can allow moisture to penetrate the walls, proper inspection of the siding and interiors walls is done by experts to allow them to do necessary steps to fix the problem and prevent it from coming back in the near future.
Concrete leveling is needed when the foundation is not level. Since this is dangerous as the foundation can cause serious damage to the entire structure, the foundation should be leveled once the problem is spotted.Professional contractors will use slabjacking to lift the sagging part of the foundation. This will ensure that the foundation will have additional support from below, which will lift it up and prevent the structure from sustaining damage. This should be professionally done since the mixture is added at the bottom of the foundation.Special pumping equipment should be used to pump the mixture at the bottom to keep the foundation from getting damaged while the concrete is being leveled. Care should be taken to ensure that the grout mixture will not be pumped excessively on the foundation to prevent it from lifting part of the concrete too much.
- Epoxy floor coating
Epoxy floor coating is an ideal choice for old and new floors that need appealing and durable coating. The floor is cleaned to ensure that there are no small particles or dust that will stick to the epoxy mixture. The epoxy coating is poured onto the floor after prepping the area.Epoxy floor coats come in different colors and property owners can choose the color and design they want. Of course, certain colors and designs will cost more as these will require more workforce, supplies and time to accomplish. This type of coating paint can protect the floor from various types of stains, making it an ideal option for floors that are used in areas where fluid and stains can go into the floor.
- Concrete overlay
Concrete overlay is the type of thin layer of concrete used in adding decoration to the floor. This type of decorative layer is cheaper than the stamped kind since it is thinner. Existing slab is needed for this, however, since it is only an overlay over existing concrete.There are various designs available on the market. This allows property owners to choose the type of design they want. Custom designs are also available. Staining the overlay is also often done by professionals to add visual appeal to the overlay design.
- Floor coating
Concrete floor coating is used to protect the floor from moisture and stains. It is often applied on new slabs but can also be applied on old ones. There are different types of floor coating that property owners and contractors can choose from.One of the most common types of floor coating is acrylic. It is fairly easy to apply and does not take a very long time to dry. Epoxy coating is often used in high traffic areas since it is more durable than the other coating types.
Retaining wall is not easy to install since the pressure of the soil on the other part of the wall can cause the wall to get damaged over time. Professionals ensure that the wall can hold the pressure without bulging. This is no easy feat, especially if the soil is not that hard.Proper planning of the construction of the retaining wall is done after considering all the factors involving the project. Experts make sure that the type of soil, type of concrete and design of the retaining wall will work together.Retaining wall repair also requires adequate planning as well as accurate execution to ensure that the wall will not suddenly collapse.
Edging is used on pathways, gardens and driveways to keep rocks, soil and plants from getting onto the walkway. This is also used to add appeal to landscapes. It makes gardens look more organized and neat. Depending on the purpose of the edging, the concrete thickness might differ. Edging can also be decorated with various shapes and colors. These can be stamped to make them look like bricks or stones. These can also be painted to make them be more in sync with the theme of the landscape and to make them look more appealing.
- Concrete construction
Concrete construction is used in a lot of ways. Depending on how the structure is going to be used, the way it is constructed differs. Slabs that are used in commercial areas are often thicker and are made from higher quality cement.Concrete structures made for residential use are often standard and are not as thick as commercial ones. Expert concrete construction companies determine how concrete should be constructed based on its purpose, design and where it is going to be installed. There are concrete slabs that are used in residential houses but need to be made from high quality cement since it will be subjected to heavy use on a regular basis.
Concrete caulking is sealing edges and joints to ensure that moisture and other elements will not get into the cracks. This is often done on edges of windows and doors since these are areas where the nearby structure is often used.Caulking is part of maintenance. Hence, it should be added to the list of things that experts should accomplish when inspecting and maintaining structures. This is to ensure that the surface will not be affected by water, moisture and other elements that can cause it to deteriorate.
Curbing is used on landscapes and driveways to create a low divider. This often marks the area where people can walk and where the garden starts. It is a useful feature that can also make landscapes look neater and nicer. Curb installation does not take a lot of time, especially simple ones. Curbing that has more intricate designs will take longer to do and will also cost more to install and repair.
Concrete roofing is often installed on commercial buildings. But since this material is a relatively affordable option, it also became an ideal option for residential houses. Flat roofs are often constructed using concrete since it is sturdy and can withstand harsh weather conditions. It is also easier to seal since various types of flat roof coating can be applied.
Concrete finishing allows structures to look neat and appealing. There are different textures available when finishing, making it possible for property owners to choose the right type of finish for their project.Smooth finishes are often used for interior walls since this type of finish is easier to paint. Exterior walls can have textured finishes to add character to the structure. Of course, this type of finish can also be used on interior walls, particularly ones that are used as one of the focal points of a room. This type of project should be left to concrete finishers and not done DIY.
- Fence installation
Concrete fence installation is a fairly big job, especially fences that are made entirely from concrete. There are types of fences that are also made with steel bars attached to the base. These allow for more visual but lesser privacy. Fences are sometimes made for security and not only for aesthetics. Due to this reason, this type of fence should be made to be sturdy and long-lasting. It will guarantee that the fence will be an effective protection against intruders and wild animals.
Concrete waterproofing is another type of service that experts offer. A coating is applied to the surface to make it waterproof. This allows the water to be shed off the surface more easily, preventing early deterioration of the structure.This is often done on floors and roofs to ensure that excess moisture will not be able to affect or damage the structure.
Concrete removal should be done properly to avoid contamination of concrete dust. If the project is a large-scale one, professional contractors should be hired to ensure that the removed part is disposed properly. It should not just be disposed on a dumping site as it can cause respiratory problems to anyone who would inhale the dust. Proper removal of concrete blocks should also be prioritized to ensure that the broken blocks cannot damage nearby establishments. This will also prevent injuries that can occur when the blocks fall onto the people working on the site.
Foundation installation should be planned meticulously to ensure that the foundation will be able to support the entire structure. The purpose of the foundation should be determined to help foundation installers determine the right type of material to use. The materials that will be installed on top of the foundation should also be established first. This will ensure that the foundation will be able to handle the weight. For buildings and houses, the roof framing as well as the roofing materials should be determined to ensure that the right thickness of foundation is built.
- Foundation repair
Foundation repair is a delicate task as it helps maintain or increase the durability of the foundation. Repairs should be done accurately to ensure that the foundation will retain its integrity. This will keep the structure from collapsing, which will not only save property owners a lot of money but will also save lives.The entirety of the foundation should be inspected and not just the surface to ensure that the entire foundation will be fixed.
- Deck installation
Concrete deck installation does not only involve installation of the deck flooring but also the deck foundation. The posts and joists are also included in the project, making it a big task. Due to this reason, highly skilled professionals are needed for a successful deck installation.The plan for the deck should be discussed properly to ensure that the features that will be put on the deck are included in the plan. This will help determine the actual weight that the deck will be lifting, which will allow contractors to establish the type of material needed for the job. The sizes of the posts and joists will also depend on the design, height and weight of the deck.
- Porch installation
Concrete porch installation can be hard if the porch is relatively big. Additional decorations and features will also affect the installation process of the porch. Hence, proper planning and building execution are needed. Professional concrete layers need to determine the design of the porch as well as the type of roof, railings and steps that should be included on the design. This will help them decide how the porch should be built.
Concrete screeding is a laborious task, especially if the worker is inexperienced. Leveling and smoothing the surface is not an easy task, especially if the slab should be leveled as well. Experienced experts need to be hired to ensure that the floor is level and smooth. This will ensure that the structure will perform really well. Power trowels can also be used in this kind of work for faster and easier smoothing and leveling. Professionals should handle the work, though, to ensure that the equipment is properly used.
- Bathroom and shower installation
Concrete bathroom and shower installation can take a lot of time because the plumbing will be an added work that professionals and plumbers should work on together. This is the reason why professionals should be handling this kind of project.Ensuring that the plumbing and electrical systems have proper places takes knowledge and skill. And since experienced companies are well aware of these types of projects, they are the ones that need to be doing the work.
Concrete log siding installation is not as hard as genuine log installation. Since these logs can be manufactured to be lighter than genuine log, it is a bit easier to install. But they can break. This means that more materials might be wasted when inexperienced workers handle the job. Experts make sure that the logs are handled with care and are installed without errors. From the spacing of the logs to the installation of the siding, everything is done carefully and accurately.
Restoration is a cheaper approach to renewing surfaces. The old part is patched up and repaired to ensure that it will retain its integrity. The appearance of the old part is also improved with the help of patches and sealants.The surface is then sealed and painted or stained. This makes the structure look new without having the need for new concrete. This enables property owners to have new-looking structure without spending a fortune on the project.
- Remove oil stains
Oil stain removal is not easy since oil stains adhere are stubborn. Professional cleaning is needed for this kind of service because proper cleaning and stain removal solutions are needed for the job. Experts make sure that the solutions they use would not harm the part that they are treating. Professional concrete installers also make sure that the stains are 100% removed while maintaining the strength and beauty of concrete.
- Remove paint
Concrete paint removal is another service that is advantageous for property owners who want to remove old paint from their floors, walls or ceilings. The main purpose of this service is to remove paint to allow for a fresh layer of paint. Paint removal service is also hired when vandals have written things on the surfaces that cannot easily be removed by simple paint removers. Since paint can penetrate the surface, proper removal is needed to ensure that the paint is removed and no traces are left.
- Fountain installation
Fountain installation does not only involve concrete professionals but plumbers and electricians as well. Since fountains work using water and electricity, licensed plumbers and certified electricians are needed to ensure that the fountain will work faultlessly.Proper installation of the fountain itself should also be ensured. Hence, experts should also be present to guarantee that the fountain will not have issues.
Concrete testing is a type of service that determines the strength and overall quality of an area. It is often done for concrete used on commercial or public structures and infrastructure to ensure that the general public is safe when using structures.
Shotcreting is the process of shooting concrete mix to a formwork or steel mesh to allow it to adhere to the surface more effectively. This is often done on overhead surfaces since it cannot easily be applied on ceilings without force.Dams and swimming pools are often built using this process because such structures are hard to form or mold.
Concrete sanding is a type of service that helps surfaces become smooth. It is a process used in preparing surfaces for staining, sealing and painting. Concrete furniture is also sanded to allow the surface of the structure to be smoother. Other objects made from concrete are also sanded to prepare them for staining or sealing as well. Since the surface is smooth, the sealant or stain will apply more smoothly on the surface.
Concrete etching is the process of preparing the surface for staining. Floors that have never been stained or treated before can still be stained properly through etching. Since perfectly smooth concrete surfaces will not absorb stain or other types of sealant, the surface needs to be turned into porous material to help with absorption.The surface is sprayed with a substance that will etch the surface. This will make the surface porous, which will enable the stain to be absorbed onto the surface. This is an effective approach for floors that have been installed for a long time and have never been treated.
- Removing rust stains
Rust stains are hard to remove. This is particularly true for rust stains that have already penetrated the porous surface. Professional stain removal is needed for this kind of problem since regular cleaning tools and cleaning solutions will not help. Experts will use effective solutions to allow the rust stain to rise from the surface. This prevents the surface from being damaged, which is one of the main advantages of hiring professional companies.
Concrete should not dry out. It should be cured. This is the process of hardening of concrete using gradual drying out water to prevent the slab from suddenly drying out and cracking. Properly cured concrete will last for a very long time. The appearance of properly cured concrete will also look better. The curing time, however, is fairly long. It will take at least 28 days for slab to be cured. This is most applicable for floors at least 4 inches thick.Water curing is one of the most common procedures used in structures. It prevents water evaporation, which keeps the mixture from drying out and cracking. Plastic covers are often used to keep the water from rapidly evaporating from the surface of the slab. This needs to be done properly to ensure that it will not suddenly dry out and have irreparable cracks.
- Make concrete planters
Concrete planters are some of the most eco-friendly and long-lasting planters that can be used. This type of planter is more applicable to larger shrubs and plants since it can be customized into larger pots.Another advantage of this type for a planter is that it lasts for a very long time. When properly made, they can last for decades. Proper care should also be given to this kind of planter to ensure that it will have a long lifespan.
Concrete services offer a lot of advantages to property owners. Since different services offer various advantages, projects are done more easily and more conveniently. The quality of structures and items are also superior when experts are hired. This makes professional service providers the best companies to hire when concrete is used as the main product.
Commercial and Residential Companies
Commercial and residential concrete projects are done by professionals who have trained and studied different kinds and applications. These professionals ensure that proper application of different types of materials are done using the best methods, which is one of the most important reasons to hire the right companies for each job.
Commercial concrete companies focus more on private and government-owned commercial establishments. These contractors are also the ones contacted by government agencies and private sectors for infrastructure projects. Higher grade types and better rebar cages are used in these types of projects since the purpose of these structures sustain far more abuse than residential units.
Residential projects often go to residential concrete contractors. These contractors use smaller-scale equipment and mostly regular grade cements. High-performance and high-strength cement types are also used for certain purposes.
Free Estimates and Quotes
Getting free estimates and quotes is significant in hiring concrete companies as this will enable property owners and project managers to ensure that they are hiring the best contractor in town. Take advantage of free estimates to allow you to choose the best company that offers the highest grade and best application methods for your project. This will also allow you to see which companies offer the best prices, which is also one of the most essential factors in hiring experts.
Use the form on our site to get free quotes. Just complete the form and send it and the best contractors in your area will get in touch with you.